Since color is the first thing you see before texture, pattern, surface or content, what does color say about your work?
The 4 dimensions of color are:
Hue: Another name for color, the first dimension of color
Value: The lightness or darkness of a color
Intensity, Saturation, or Chroma: The third dimension of color is the purity of a hue.
Pure hue is the most intense form of a color
Adding white, gray or black to a color lowers its intensity
Intensity is percentage of pure hue in a color & measured high- low
Achromatic or Neutrals: White & black with all their forms of grays
White, black & gray are sometimes referred to as values without hue or intensity
Black: All colors combined to create black on a surface (subtractive system)
All light absorbed, all colors are absorbed (subtractive system)
White: No color appears on a surface (subtractive system)
No light absorbed, all colors reflected (subtractive system)
Grays: Black plus white
Can also be created by mixing of complementary colors
Tints: Hue mixed with white
Tone: Hue mixed with gray
Shade: Hue mixed black
Spectrum: When white light is fractured, it separates into various visible electromagnetic radiations of wavelengths. A human eye can only see a limited amount of these wavelengths - approx. infrared to ultraviolet.
The spectral inspired 12-step color wheel (subtractive system) consists of: yellow, yellow/green, green, green/blue, blue, blue/violet, violet, violet/red, red, red/orange, orange, and orange/yellow
Monochromatic: Using a single hue
Made of different values of the same hue
Variations of a single hue, mixed with white, gray &/or black.
Analogous: Colors: are next to one another (adjacent) on the color wheel, with a key common color.
Example; yellow, orange/yellow, orange, red/orange
Review work by colorists such as Ellsworth Kelly, Josef Albers, Pierre Bonnard, Henri Matisse, and more
Industry-approved reading: Interaction of Color: 50th Anniversary Edition, by Josef Albers with foreword by Nicholas Fox Weber.
Join in on the upcoming Sketchbook Series,
to be held at at Cold Spring Harbor High School
click here for brochure description (pg. 6)
Each week we will discuss the components of strong design:
color, composition, and content
MOOO..."here's to a colorful day!"